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Organic terminology

In order to make you more comfortable with organic terminology, we’ve collected it here. It’s the terminology that is used in the sphere of organic agriculture in Ukrainian and international organizations.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Energy from renewable sources

means energy from renewable non-fossil sources such as wind, solar, geothermal, wave, tidal, hydropower, landfill gas, sewage treatment plant gas and biogases; (EU Commission Regulation 2018/848)

Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs)

are the result of genetic engineering at the sub-cellular and genomic level, where the intentional insertion, deletion of genes or alteration of genetic information (DNA) takes place in a laboratory.

GMOs are associated with unsustainable farm practices and the industrial farming model. The use of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO) in food and farming promote single varieties with a high degree of uniformity, as well as posing a risk to the environment, human and animal health, farmers’ rights for seed and farmers’ independence. That is why the release on the market and/or the environment of GMOs is regulated in the EU (Directive 2001/18/EC) and Regulation (EC) 1829/2003). Risks of contamination threatens the GMO-free food chain, and consequently the economic wellbeing of farmers and producers. (International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM))

Holding

means all the production units operated under single management for the purpose of producing live or unprocessed agricultural products, including products originating from aquaculture and beekeeping (EU Commission Regulation 2018/848)

Ingredient

a substance produced by non-organic production, that is allowed to be used in organic production in accordance with the laws of organic production, circulation and labeling of organic products. (Law of Ukraine «On the Main Principles and Requirements towards Organic Production, Circulation and Labelling of Organic Products» – non official translation)

Ingredient (EU)

any substance or product, including flavourings, food additives and food enzymes, and any constituent of a compound ingredient , used in the manufacture or preparation of products that is still present in the finished product, even in altered form. (EU Commission Regulation 2018/848, 1169/2011)

Labelling

information about organic products, including the State logo for organic products, placed on a label, packaging, tare, container, back label, collar label, tag, cork, package leaflet or any other elements of the packaging, that accompanies such products or refers to them in compliance with legal requirements in the sphere of organic production, circulation and labelling of organic products. . (Law of Ukraine «On the Main Principles and Requirements towards Organic Production, Circulation and Labelling of Organic Products» – non official translation)

Labelling (EU)

means any words, particulars, trade marks, brand name, pictorial matter or symbol relating to a product that are placed on any packaging, document, notice, label, ring or collar that accompanies or refers to that product. (EU Commission Regulation 2018/848)

Mass catering operations

means the preparation of organic products in restaurants, hospitals, canteens and other similar food business at the point of sale or delivery to the final consumer. (EU Regulation 834/2007)